Scathophaga stercoraria · geltonoji mėšlamusė «Scathophaga stercoraria · geltonoji mėšlamusė^Thumbnails»Scathophaga stercoraria · geltonoji mėšlamusė«Scathophaga stercoraria · geltonoji mėšlamusė^Thumbnails»Scathophaga stercoraria · geltonoji mėšlamusė

Scathophaga stercoraria · geltonoji mėšlamusė

užpuolė grybelis Entomophthora muscae?

  • yellow dung fly, golden dung fly
  • Gelbe Dungfliege, Gemeine Kotfliege
  • geltonoji mėšlamusė
  • parastā mēslmuša
  • cuchna nawozowa It is one of the most familiar and abundant flies in many parts of the Northern Hemisphere. As its common name suggests, it is often found on the feces of large mammals, such as horses, cattle, sheep, deer, and wild boar, where it goes to breed. The distribution of S. stercoraria is likely influenced by human agriculture, especially in northern Europe and North America. The Scathophaga are integral in the animal kingdom due to their role in the natural decomposition of dung in fields.

The adult males are bright golden-yellow with orange-yellow fur on the front legs. Females are a little duller in color, with pronounced green-brown tinges, and no brightly colored fur on the front legs. The adults range from 5 to 11 mm in length, and the males are generally larger than the females.

The adults mainly prey on smaller insects - mostly other Diptera. They can also consume nectar and dung as additional sources of energy. Females spend most of their time foraging in vegetation and only visit dung pats to mate and oviposit on the dung surface. Both males and females are attracted to dung by scent, and approach dung pats against the wind. Males spend most of their time on the dung, waiting for females and feeding on other insects that visit the dung, such as blow flies. In the absence of other prey, the yellow dung fly may turn to cannibalism. The larvae are coprophagous, relying on dung for nutrition.

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