Myrmica rubra · skruzdėlė «Anoplotrupes stercorosus · miškinis mėšlavabalis^Thumbnails»Myrmica rubra · skruzdėlė«Anoplotrupes stercorosus · miškinis mėšlavabalis^Thumbnails»Myrmica rubra · skruzdėlė«Anoplotrupes stercorosus · miškinis mėšlavabalis^Thumbnails»Myrmica rubra · skruzdėlė

Myrmica rubra · skruzdėlė

prey Anoplotrupes stercorosus · miškinis mėšlavabalis

  • European fire ant, common red ant
  • Rote Gartenameise, Rotgelbe Knotenameise
  • Siloviholainen
  • rudā dzēlējskudra
  • wścieklica zwyczajna

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myrmica_rubra Myrmica rubra is found all over Europe and is now invasive in some parts of North America and Asia. It is mainly red in colour, with slightly darker pigmentation on the head. These ants live under stones and fallen trees, and in soil. They are aggressive, often attacking rather than running away, and are equipped with a stinger, though they lack the ability to spray formic acid like the genus Formica.

This ant's colonies have a polygyne form and can include up to one hundred queens per nest. These queens will have gathered together after their nuptial flight, formed a nest and laid their eggs in it. The species is also polydomous, with many nest sites per individual colony. The queens can live up to fifteen years. Nuptial flights take place normally in late July to mid-August in Europe. Hundreds of young queens and males take to the air to mate together. Afterwards, the males die and the queens shed their wings to make a new colony. In addition to the regular queens (macrogynes), M. rubra also have a microgyne caste. These queens are smaller in size compared to the macrogyne and were previously believed to be a different species of social parasite (M. microrubra). More recent DNA analysis suggest that they share a gene pool with the macrogyne and are therefor not a different species. While the roles of these microgynes are not yet fully understood, they are often found in nests with regular queens and this is believed to be a form of intraspecific parasitism where the microgyne are a social parasite of the larger macrogyne. The microgynes are also known to act as an alternative reproductive morph and found their own colonies.

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