Nigella damascena · darželinė juodgrūdė «Nigella damascena · darželinė juodgrūdė^Thumbnails»Plantae · augalai«Nigella damascena · darželinė juodgrūdė^Thumbnails»Plantae · augalai«Nigella damascena · darželinė juodgrūdė^Thumbnails»Plantae · augalai

Nigella damascena · darželinė juodgrūdė

  • love-in-a-mist, devil in the bush
  • Jungfer im Grünen
  • darželinė juodgrūdė
  • Damaskas nigella
  • czarnuszka damasceńska It is native to southern Europe (but adventive in more northern countries of Europe), north Africa and southwest Asia, where it is found on neglected, damp patches of land. It is now widely cultivated throughout the temperate world, and numerous cultivars have been developed for garden use.

It grows to 20–50 cm tall, with pinnately divided, thread-like, alternate leaves. The flowers, blooming in early summer, are most commonly different shades of blue, but can be white, pink, or pale purple, with 5 to 25 sepals. The actual petals are located at the base of the stamens and are minute and clawed. The sepals are the only colored part of the perianth. The four to five carpels of the compound pistil have each an erect style.

The fruit is a large and inflated capsule, growing from a compound ovary, and is composed of several united follicles, each containing numerous seeds. This is rather exceptional for a member of the buttercup family. The capsule becomes brown in late summer. The plant self-seeds, growing on the same spot year after year.

Natūraliai auga Pietų Europoje, Šiaurės Afrikoje, Pietvakarių Azijoje. Dekoratyvi vienmetė gėlė.

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