Polistes dominula · europinė popiervapsvė

EN · European paper wasp DE · Haus-Feldwespe PL · klecanka pospolita

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_paper_wasp Its diet is more diverse than those of most Polistes species - many genera of insects versus mainly caterpillars in other Polistes - giving it superior survivability compared to other wasp species during a shortage of resources.

The native range of P. dominula covers much of southern Europe and North Africa, and temperate parts of Asia as far east as China. It has also been introduced to New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and North and South America. Since the mid-1980s, the population of P. dominula has expanded to rather cooler regions, especially towards northern Europe. Global warming is speculated to have raised temperatures of certain areas, allowing P. dominula to expand to originally cooler regions.